knowledge base : external resources

xternal Resources

The External Resources is a collection of selected relevant internet-based links to medieval studies and resources groups and organizations external to the AEMMA web site. It is not all encompassing, given that there are many sites that are internal to academic institutions that may not be available, and that there are literally hundreds of sites on the web.  These have been identified as the "main" medieval sites on the web.  As other sites become available, they will be added to this page.  If there are sites on the web that you think should be included in the listing below, feel free to email "".
The Soldier in later Medieval England The project has an innovative methodological approach and will be producing an on-line searchable resource for public use of immense value and interest to genealogists as well as social, political and military historians. Each soldier will have information in set fields which include title, first name, last name, date, retinue leader, military rank, function and place of service, annotations. The database will provide the researcher an exact record of an individual’s service as transcribed from the muster rolls and other sources.
The focus of this site is the translation of selected sections of several fechtbücher, German manuscripts on the fighting arts. The fechtbücher examined on this site are in the tradition of 14th century master at arms Johannes Liechtenauer. Liechtenauer's (probably) unintentional gift to posterity was a series of cryptic verses describing the fighting arts, starting with longsword fencing. These verses were first written down in 1389 by a cleric named Hanko Döbringer. Döbringer apparently recorded these secret verses shortly after Liechtenauer's death in a successful effort to keep the system alive. Most longsword oriented fechtbücher right up till about 1500 were basically recitals of these verses coupled with commentary and analysis.

The Gothic ImageThe Gothic Image
A partner site to the New York Carver that is oriented towards a wealth of subtle and perhaps unfamiliar information of the medieval period. Articles include coverage of Chaucer, fascinating tid-bits about a order of female Spanish knights and beastiary. An email newsletter subscription is also available.

New York Carver NewsletterNew York Carver Newsletter
An online newsletter that is full of information pertaining to the medieval period and which includes topics that cover music, architecture, historical sites and more. The newsletter is emailed directly to the subscriber, and can be viewed online at the URL above. Other interesting areas includes a gothic field guide, online cathedral, medieval castles and medieval art tours.

Association of Historical Fencing - EstafiladeAssociation of Historical Fencing - Estafilade Newsletter
A quarterly newsletter entitled "Estafilade" that contains invaluable information on the current events with respect to the Association of Historical Fencing. The newsletters cover significant events, interviews of various individuals, and excellent book reviews. The newsletter supports the mandate of the AHF which is to encourage and preserve the arts of classical and historical fencing.

The Arador Armour LibraryThe Arador Armour Library
This is a Library of Information to Promote History Through the Study and Recreation of Period Armour and Armoured Fighting. It began in spring of 1995 to offer information and camaradery to those in the Internet community who have an interest in armour and armour-related subjects. This site has an extensive collection of photo images of arms and armour of various museums in their armour gallery. Collections include: The Cleveland Museum of Art, The Royal Museum of the Army and Military History in Brussels, The Armoury of the Dukes of Burgundy in Brussels, The Royal Armoury at Leeds, The Higgins Armory Museum in Worcester, Tower of London and British Museum, Le Haut Koenigsbourg Castle in France.

Electronic Journals of Martial Arts & SciencesElectronic Journals of Martial Arts and Sciences 

A project to bring academic and popular e-journals concerning various aspects of the martial arts and sciences, both east and west, to the web. A collection of online articles submitted and categorized into one of four areas: Combative Sport, Western Martial Art, Non-lethal Combatives and Theatrical Combatives. For information on submitting an article, or for more info, click

The royal chronicles up to the death of Philip VI of Valois in 1350 - Click image to see get a bigger pictureCreating French Culture - An Exhibition of the Library of Congress 

Creating French Culture: Treasures from the Bibliothéque Nationale de France traces the history of the relationship between power and culture from Charlemagne (b. 742?-d. 814) to Charles de Gaulle (b. 1890-d. 1970), through the prism of more than 200 magnificent "treasures" on loan from the Bibliothéque Nationale de France in Paris. The Bibliothéque's generous collaboration has made possible a unique exhibition which includes many items never before seen outside of France. The choice of items was dictated as much by their historical importance as by their artistic value in the hope that they will provide insight into, and spark curiosity about, the complex history of the United States' oldest ally.

Battle of Montiel - Click image to see get a bigger pictureThe Bibliothéque Nationale de France 

A fantastic collection of digitized images of works by individuals including, Roland fights the giant Ferragut - Click image to see get a bigger picturebut not limited to Jean Froissart (circa 1337-circa 1404) who is is best remembered as a historian and as the author of the Chronicle, a document that is essential to an understanding of Europe in the fourteenth century and to the twists and turns taken by the Hundred Years' War. Froissart's constant travels took him to the four corners of Europe and placed him in direct contact with a variety of courtly circles, all very well versed in the political affairs of the day. And by another writer by the name of Primat, a monk of Saint-Denis, who had presented his works (Roman des Rois (Romance of the Kings)) to Philip III the Bold in 1274 which formed the basis of the Grandes Chroniques de France into 1461. Other collections include the works by John of Berry's Petites Heures, containing five books of hours which he commissioned for his personal use from about 1375 until his death in 1416, and which are numbered among the masterpieces of French, indeed European manuscript painting from the late Middle Ages.

Early Manuscripts at Oxford UniversityEarly Manuscripts at Oxford University 

The Early Manuscripts Project has created an excellent collection of high-resolution digital facsimiles of complete manuscripts scanned directly from the originals and available online. Although, not presently oriented towards combat and martial arts, it deserves mentioned due to the opportunity of viewing these ancient documents online. Currently, many of the Celtic manuscripts held by the Oxford Libraries are available here, but the project will eventually include broader range of manuscripts held by the Oxford libraries as well. The project forms part of the Specialised Research Collections in the Humanities (NFF) initiative supported by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), Scottish Higher Education Funding Council (SHEFC), Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) and Department of Education Northern Ireland (DENI) under the direction of the Non-Formula Funding Committee. Beginning with collections of Celtic manuscripts from several Oxford libraries, and subsequently extended to include a broader range, the project is creating high resolution digital images, which are stored on the Oxford University Hierarchical File Server, and made available over the international networks. 

Internet Medieval Sourcebook 

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook (sponsored by Fordham University) had been developed to assist historians teaching medieval history and who desired a mechanism to combine a textbook, a sourcebook, and additional readings. Textbooks, as an ever-evolving form, are Internet Medieval Sourcebookprobably worth the cost, but sourcebooks are often unnecessarily expensive. Unlike some modern history texts, the sources used for medieval history have been around a long time. Very many were translated in the 19th century, and, as a rapid review of any commercial source book will show, it is these 19th century translations which make up the bulk of the texts. Indeed the genealogy of such texts is a minor area of possible historiographical research. Although publishers need make no copyright payments to use these texts, there is no real cost reduction, compared with sourcebooks  for modern history surveys. Many of these 19th century texts are now available on the Internet, or are easily typed in to etext form.

The Labyrinth 

Labyrinth Medieval Studies ResourceThe Labyrinth (sponsored by Georgetown University) provides free, organized access to electronic resources in medieval studies through a World Wide Web server at Georgetown University. The Labyrinth's easy-to-use menus and links provide connections to databases, services, texts, and images on other servers around the world. Each user will be able to find an Ariadne's thread through the maze of information on the Web. This project not only provides an organizational structure for electronic resources in medieval studies, but also serves as a model for similar, collaborative projects in other fields of study. The Labyrinth project is open-ended and is designed to grow and change with new developments in technology and in medieval studies.


NetSERF Hosted by the Catholic University of America, NetSERF is a repository of an extensive listing of internet links to other relevant medieval studies groups and resources.  NetSERF was created by Beau A.C. Harbin, who is currently a Ph.D. student at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., specializing in late medieval English history, especially the effects of the Hundred Years War upon English society and politics.

The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies  

The Online Reference Book for Medieval StudiesThe Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB), hosted by Rhodes College, is a cooperative effort on the part of scholars across the internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies on the World-Wide Web. In principle, authors of the various articles that make up ORB maintain their own articles at their own locations.   Each article is connected to ORB's Title Index, which can be accessed at any time by clicking on the ORB icon anywhere it appears. In addition, each article will be linked directly to related articles and other information available on the Web. Some authors welcome your questions, comments and observations about their articles. This invitation is indicated by a sensitive mail icon after the author's name.

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Released: November 09, 1998 / Last modified: September 14, 2009