Manesse : "Die Manessesche Liederhandschrift", 1300-1315

Notes on the Manessesche Liederhandschrift Manuscript

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Manessesche Liederhandschrift or the Manessesche song handwriting originated in in the first quarter 14th Century in the area of Zurich. It is spreading unit of a set of aristocrat and higher Klerus, who had put themselves the ambitious target to create as complete a collection of the minnesaenger and their poems as possible between 1160/70 and 1330. To this circle also the Mr. Manesse belonged, from whom the handwriting received its name. It is well-known also under " the name large Heidelberger " song handwriting.

Beside the poems of the minnesaenger also illustrations of the respective singer in job were given, which represents the artist in an environment characterizing him. In the following one these pictures are to be regarded more exactly detached by the Minnesang than source for mode, preparation technique and utensils.

The miniatures one-eat by four different painters and their assistants were painted. The major part (110 figures) was created by the so-called basic stick painter between approx. 1300 and 1315. These pictures are characterized by a special uniformity and by for the typical strong, absolute colours. Also the frameworks of the figures are uniformly in the colours zinnober and magenta, blue, green and gold held and wise mostly a touching or a lozenge examination up. The pictures of the basic stick painter represent mode and preparation technique, how them were usual since approx. 1230. Therefore these figures can be along-used also for this time as source well.

The supplement painters, who created the paintings to approx. 1330 still altogether created 27 miniatures, which are somewhat " more modern " regarding mode and armament. If the basic stick painter illustrated excluding chain shirts, then we here already find disk sections (e.g. board 73). Also otherwise the pictures of the supplement painters differ from those of the basic stick painter in color choice and framework examination: More more covered mixed colors were used, which lets the pictures altogether somewhat palely and which became frameworks with flowers, climbing or balls verziert work.


The manuscript is not presented in this library as a fechtbuch. However, it does provide some pictoral clues to life in the 14th century. Of interest are the plates that depict tournaments, which in some cases have a similar "look and feel" as the I.33 manuscript. For example, plate 63 does share similar attributes to I.33 with respect to the sword & buckler and the technique illustrated. Classic tournament harness is illustrated on plate 77 depicting Ulrich von Leichtenstein. Another illustration of a tournament found in plate 8 depicts the dukes of Anhalt in a melee with swords: one of the participants is wrestling with his opponent.

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Kaiser Heinrich (6r) König Konrad der Junge (7r) König Tyro von Schotten (8r) König Wenzel von Böhmen (10r) Herzog Heinrich von Breslau (11v)
Plate 1 Plate 2 Plate 3 Plate 4 Plate 5
Markgraf Otto von Brandenburg (13r) Markgraf Heinrich von Meißen (14v) Der Herzog von Anhalt (17r) - The dukes of Anhalt in a melee with swords: one of the participants is wrestling with his opponent Herzog Johann von Brabant (18r) Graf Rudolf von Neuenburg (20r)
Plate 6 Plate 7 Plate 8 Plate 9 Plate 10
Graf Kraft von Toggenburg (22v) Graf Konrad von Kirchberg (24r) Graf Friedrich von Leinigen (26r) Graf Otto von Botenlauben (27r) Der Markgraf von Hohenburg (29r)
Plate 11 Plate 12 Plate 13 Plate 14 Plate 15
Herr Heinrich von Veldeke (30r) Herr Gottfried von Neifen (32v) Graf Albrecht von Heigerloch (42r) Graf Wernher von Homberg (43v) - Count Wernier von Honberg in a melee outside a castle, with his banner displayed. Herr Jakob von Warte (46v)
Plate 16 Plate 17 Plate 18 Plate 19 Plate 20
Bruder Eberhard von Sax (48v) Herr Walther von Klingen (52r) - Note the attitudes of the onlookers reflect the fortunes of the knights below. Herr Rudolf von Rotenburg (54r) Herr Heinrich von Sax (59v) Herr Heinrich von Frauenberg (61v)
Plate 21 Plate 22 Plate 23 Plate 24 Plate 25
Der von Kürenberg (63r) Herr Dietmar von Ast (64r) Der von Gliers (66v) Herr Wernher von Teufen (69r) Herr Heinrich von Stretlingen (79v)
Plate 26 Plate 27 Plate 28 Plate 29 Plate 30
Herr Kristan von Hamle (71v) Herr Ulrich von Gutenburg (73r) Herr Heinrich von der Mure (75v) Herr Heinrich von Morungen (76v) Der Schenk von Limburg (82v)
Plate 31 Plate 32 Plate 33 Plate 34 Plate 35
Schenk Ulrich von Winterstetten (84v) Herr Reinmar der Alte (98r) Herr Birkart von Hohenfels (110r) Herr Hesso von Reinach (113v) Der Burggraf von Lienz (115r)
Plate 36 Plate 37 Plate 38 Plate 39 Plate 40
Herr Friedrich von Hausen (116v) Der Burggraf von Rietenburg (119v) Herr Meinloh von Sevelingen (120v) Herr Heinrich von Rugge (122r) Herr Walther von der Vogelweide (124r)
Plate 41 Plate 42 Plate 43 Plate 44 Plate 45
Herr Hiltbold von Schwangau (146r) Herr Wolfram von Eschenbach (149v) Von Singenberg, Truchseß zu St. Gallen (151r) Der von Sachendorf (158r) Wachsmut von Künzingen (160v)
Plate 46 Plate 47 Plate 48 Plate 49 Plate 50
Herr Wilhelm von Heinzenburg (162v) Herr Leuthold von Seven (164v) Herr Walther von Metze (166v) Herr Rubin (169v) Herr Bergner von Horheim (178r)
Plate 51 Plate 52 Plate 53 Plate 54 Plate 55
Der von Johansdorf (179v) Herr Engelhardt von Adelnburg (181v) Herr Bligger von Steinach (182v) Herr Wachsmut von Mühlhausen (183v) Herr Hartmann von Aue (184v)
Plate 56 Plate 57 Plate 58 Plate 59 Plate 60
Herr Reinmar von Brennenberg (188r) Johann von Ringgenberg (190v) Albrecht Marschall von Rapperswil (192v) Herr Otto vom Turne (194r) ohne Namen (196r)
Plate 61 Plate 62 Plate 63 Plate 64 Plate 65a
Herr Goesli von Ehenheim (197v) Der von Wildonie (201r) Von Suonegge (202v) Von Scharpfenberg (204r) Herr Konrad, der Schenk von Landeck (205r)
Plate 65b Plate 66 Plate 67 Plate 68 Plate 69
Der Winsbeke (213r) Die Winsbekin (217r) Klingsor von Ungarland (219v) Kristan von Luppin, eine Thüring (226v) Herr Heinrich Hetzbold von Weißensee (228r)
Plate 70 Plate 71 Plate 72 Plate 73 Plate 74
Der Düring (229v) Winli (231r) Herr Ulrich von Lichtenstein (237) on Munegiur (247v) Von Raute (248v)
Plate 75 Plate 76 Plate 77 Plate 78 Plate 79
Herr Konrad von Altstetten (249v) Herr Bruno von Hornberg (251r) Herr Hug von Werbenwag (252r) Der Von Trostberg (255r)
Plate 80 Plate 81 Plate 82 Plate 83 Plate 84
Hartmann von Starkenberg (256v) Von Stadegge (257v) Herr Brunwart von Augheim (258v) Von Stamheim (261r) Herr Goeli (262v)
Plate 85 Plate 86 Plate 87 Plate 88 Plate 89
Der Tannhäuser (264r) Von Buchheim (271r) Herr Neidhart (273r) Meister Heinrich Teschler (281v) Rost, Kirchherr zu Sarnen (285r)
Plate 90 Plate 91 Plate 92 Plate 93 Plate 94
Der Hardegger (290r) Der Schulmeister von Eßlingen (292v) Von Wissenlo (299r) Von Wengen (300r) Herr Pfeffel (392r)
Plate 95 Plate 96 Plate 97 Plate 98 Plate 99
Der Taler (303r) Der tugendhafte Schreiber (305r) Steinmar (308v) Herr Alram von Gresten (311r) Herr Reinmar der Fiedler (312r)
Plate 100 Plate 101 Plate 102 Plate 103 Plate 104
Herr Hawart (313r) Herr Günther von dem Vorste (314v) Herr Friedrich der Knecht (316v) Der Burggraf von Regensburg (318r) Herr Niune (319r)
Plate 105 Plate 106 Plate 107 Plate 108 Plate 109
Herr Geltar (320v) Herr Dietmar der Setzer (321v) Herr Reinmar von Zweter (323r) Der junge Meißner (339r) Von Obernburg (342v)
Plate 110 Plate 111 Plate 112 Plate 113 Plate 114
Bruder Wernher (344v) Der Marner (349r) Süßkind, der Jude von Trimberg (355r) Von Buwenburg (359r) Heinrich von Tettingen (361r)
Plate 115 Plate 116 Plate 117 Plate 118 Plate 119
Rudolf der Schreiber (362r) Meister Gottfried von Straßburg (364r) Meister Johannes Hadlaub (371r) Regenbogen (381r) Meister Konrad von Würzburg (383r)
Plate 120 Plate 121 Plate 122 Plate 123 Plate 124
Kunz von Rosenheim (394r) Rubin von Rüdeger (395r) Der Kol von Nüssen (396r) Der Dürner (397v) Meister Heinrich Frauenlob (399r)
Plate 125 Plate 126 Plate 127 Plate 128 Plate 129
Meister Friedrich von Sonnenburg (407r) Meister Sigeher (410r) Der wilde Alexander (412r) Meister Rumslant (413v) Spervogel (415v)
Plate 130 Plate 131 Plate 132 Plate 133 Plate 134
Boppe (418r) Der Litschauer (422r) Der Kanzler (423v)
end of plates
Plate 135 Plate 136 Plate 137
end of plates

Copyright © 2000 Academy of European Medieval Martial Arts  (AEMMA)
Released: February 06, 2001 / Updated: February 24, 2005