Fiore dei Liberi: Flos Duellatorum, 1410 (Pisani-Dossi, F. Novati, Bergamo, 1902)
 4 spada longa - longsword
 4.2 gioco sença arme (unarmoured plays)
 4.2.7 tua punta in terra / stasemo a terra incrosadi (your point to the ground / crossed near the ground)

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Rebati tua punta in terra ben subito
E per tal modo io te fiero sença dubito

Aqui stasemo noy a terra incrosadi
A piu sauer li zoghi serano donadi

I very suddenly beat your point to the ground
And for this manner I strike without uncertainty

Here we are near the ground crossed
He shall be rewarded if he knows more plays

Synopsis: click on image to view larger of the sameFiore describes a play in which the inbound thrust is quickly struck to the ground followed by the second verse of the couplet where the scholar (wearing the garter below the right knee) is able to strike the zugadore with impunity. The second line clearly indicates that the strikes can be delivered without any concern on the part of the scholar. The reason for this advantage is further described in the relevant illustration where the scholar is depicted as stepping on the foible of the zugadore's sword after it's been struck to the ground, with his left foot. The scholar is depicted as striking the zugadore's left arm while stepping forward with his left foot. Interestingly, the counterpart to this play in the Getty's version depicts a similar play but the thrust was delivered by the zugadore in a right-handed manner, as opposed to the left-handed grip depicted in this Pisani-Dossi illustration. Fiore makes no reference to the left-handed grip, and in fact, it is the only left-handed grip in the PD treatise.

The second illustration accompanied with a couplet describes a bind which is close to the ground. The zugadore is depicted as having taken a step with his right foot, possibly attempting to delivera sottani or strike from below. The second line of the couplet does not reveal any significant details, except to suggest that a scholar who knows the art well, will be able to deal with a low bind such as depicted.

Practical Application: The first play depicts what is known as "breaking point" whereby, an inbound thrust, regardless of which side it materializes from with respect to the zugadore delivering it, the scholar (wearing a garter below the right knee) would quickly and with intensity beat the inbound thrusting sword to the ground, and should fortune have it, the scholar would then step on the foible of the sword, and strike at the zugadore with impunity. The scholar at this point has little concern while delivering the strike to the arm as the zugadore's sword has been incapacitated. In addition, the scholar does NOT take a step towards the inbound zugadore and merely steps on the sword in his current position, while being able to reach his target given the zugadore has come within distance.

The second play depicted is not actually a play, but rather a depiction of a classic "archetype" in which a lower cross is achieved. The scholar has not taken a step, and the zugadore has taken a step and is now in distance. Fiore merely indicates that should the scholar know the art, he can easily handle this lower bind, one of which follows below left.

example applications/similarities
Reference Page
Fiore de' Liberi 1410 ferire de li braçi (strike to the arm)


Copyright © 1999  All Rights Reserved  Academy of European Medieval Martial Arts (AEMMA)
Released: October 21, 1999 / Last modified: March 14, 2009