Fiore dei Liberi: Flos Duellatorum, 1410 (Pisani-Dossi, F. Novati, Bergamo, 1902)
 4 spada longa - longsword
 4.2 gioco sença arme (unarmoured plays)
 4.2.2 gioco largo in meça spada incrosar (long play with middle crossing of sword)

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Per incrosar a meça spada el braço stancho te feriro
Perche lo tempo si e curto ben presto io lo farò

Per lo magistro che incrosa a meça spada
De quello che l'a dito de quello te faço derada

For a crossing at the middle of the sword I will strike your left arm
Because of your tempo and shortness of time I will make it

For the master who crosses at the middle of the sword
Of that finger of yours which I make a bargain of

Synopsis: click on image to view larger of the sameContinuing with Fiore's theme of gioco largo or "long play", these couplets accompanying the illustrations depict the crossing of the swords in the middle. The first line clearly indicating that the master "seeked" a crossing in the middle with incrosar a meça spada. This is slightly different than the previous pair of illustration and text conveying the crossing was at the point or foibles of the swords. The second line of the first couplet goes on to discuss the tempo and timing of the intended action.

The couplet accompanying the second illustration mentions the crossing in the middle again with incrosar a meça spada followed by the second line of the second couplet which describes that the master is able to create a "bargain" of striking the zugadore's finger as depicted in the illustration. Note that in this second illustration, the scholler (now wearing a gold garter below the right knee) has taken a passing and most likely, a traverse step (off-line) to complete the delivery of the strike to the hand.

Practical Application: The archetype depicted in these illustrations is the crossing of the blades in the middle with incrosar a meça spada. A classic instance occuring in most fencing engagements. The instigator of the crossing in the middle is the master and depending upon a number of factors found during the engagement such as timing, tempo and placement, a strike to the hand of the zugadore is entirely possible, when the wielder takes a passing and traverse step, while stepping off-line, and deliver a cut towards the hand of the zugadore. The tempo of the engagement is obviously established by the master, so that when the crossing is achieved, the plan of execution can be carried out. Once the hand has been attacked by the scholar (the individual illustrated wearing the gold garter below the right knee), this same cut can transform into a thrust towards the chest of the zugadore essentially using the zugadore's own forearms as a "guide" for the thrust, all the while, traversing to the right.

example applications/similarities
Reference Page
Fiore de' Liberi 1410 posta longa (the long guard)

Copyright © 1999  All Rights Reserved  Academy of European Medieval Martial Arts (AEMMA)
Released: December 2, 1999 / Last modified: February 24, 2009