Fiore dei Liberi: Flos Duellatorum, 1410 (Pisani-Dossi, F. Novati, Bergamo, 1902)
 1 abrazare - grappling
 1.2 gioco de magistro secundo - second master plays
 1.2.5 gioco cinque - fifth play - gamberola to a throw (counter)

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Questo e un abracare de gambarola
Che de le cinque non uen facta una sola.
This is one of gambarola in grappling
that from the fifth his sole cannot not handle.

Interpretation: The first line of the couplet conveys a situation that Fiore discusses a number of times in the treatise, that of a "gambarola" which roughly means "to be in the same posture/position". He definitely encourages against any combatant reaching this situation in which both combatants are essentially in the same state. The second line of the couplet, although the confidence in the translation is around 70%, appears to indicate that by using the principles of the fifth master, one can get "out" of a gamberola. Click on the images view a larger image of the same.

Application: The zugagore and scholler have achieved the same state in the engagement, with both having one arm over the shoulder and the other under the armpit of the opposite side. Fiore's treatise conveys that "gambarola's are NOT a good thing, and the one who will achieve success if a gambarola should materialize is the one that has the presence of mind to change the state quickly. In the case of the above play, the scholler is depicted as shifting his right leg to behind the zugadore's leg with the intent of throwing him to the ground, hence the reference to the fifth master of abrazare. In this situation, the scholler must "lean" on the zugadore when shifting his foot placement and once a stable structure is achieved, can easily throw the zugadore and therefore, the reference to the "sole" may imply that the zugadore will not be able to keep the soles of his feet firmly in place on the ground!

example applications
Section Play Carta

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Released: December 2, 1999 / Last modified: December 23, 2008