Fiore dei Liberi: Flos Duellatorum, 1410 (Pisani-Dossi, F. Novati, Bergamo, 1902)
 1 abrazare - grappling
 1.2 gioco de magistro secundo - second master plays
 1.2.4 gioco terzo - fourth play - grab from behind ==> counter throw onto his back

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Dedredo me prendisti a grande tradimento
E questa presa te manua in terra senca falimento.
With great cunning you grab me from behind
Without fail this hold will send you to the ground.

Interpretation: The first line, appearing almost sarcastic, indicates that the zugadore managed to deploy a hold from behind using his great "cunning or skill", however, the second line depicts a counter deployed by the scholler with the intent to throw the zugadore to the ground. Click on the images view a larger image of the same.

Application: The zugagore successfully deploying a hold from behind, with the obvious intention of throwing the scholler to the ground, finds himself in a reversed situation, in which the scholler deploying a posta longa across the face/neck of the zugagore and then bending the right arm at the elbow and applying force to the zugagore all the while stepping behind the zugagore with the scholler's right foot to complete the throw. While the scholler completes the positioning of his arm across the face/neck of the zugagore, the stepping behind will require the scholler to momentarily apply some of his weight to the shoulder of the zugagore to aid in stabilizing the scholler as he lifts his right foot and places it behind the zugagore's left leg. When force is applied by the scholler's right arm, his right leg prevents the zugagore from regaining his balance, and down he will go to the ground.

example applications
Section Play Carta

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Released: December 2, 1999 / Last modified: December 21, 2008