Fiore dei Liberi: Flos Duellatorum, 1410 (Pisani-Dossi, F. Novati, Bergamo, 1902)
 1 abrazare - grappling
 1.0 quatro poste - four guards
 1.0.2 dente di zengchiar click to hear the Italian text (tooth of the boar)

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De pugna mutacon cercho de fare
E cum quella in tera ti faro andare.
In a change of the fight I seek to make
with this one and I'll force you to the ground.

Interpretation: The first line of the couplet indicates that the state of the engagement or fight has changed somehow and with this change, an alternative must be considered (seeked). In any physical fight, the dynamics change continuously and the fighter must continuously monitor the situation and seek out opportunities of advantage in order to incapacitate the zugadore. With proper footwork and guard stance, the master is prepared to deploy whatever is necessary to address whatever the changes are occuring during the fight. The second line of the couplet, the master indicates that the change from the previous posta to the dente di zengchiar given the some recognized queue1 has presented itself (e.g. an arm bar (straight arm), or to explosively create an arm bar from the dente di zengchiar to throw the zugadore). Click on the images view a larger image of the same.

Application: The dente di zengchiar or "tooth of the boar / boar's tooth" illustrates the end position of an explosive movement in which the right arm is thrusted upwards with the elbow bent approx 900 (upper arm parallel to the floor, the forearm perpendicular), which may have originated from an "iron gate". This action involves the use of the hips as the source of the power (similar to taking a golf swing or baseball bat), and the other arm swinging downwards so that the entire movement has a "scissor" like action. The footwork is also involved as when one swings a bat, there is some slight pivoting of the feet to increase the power of the output.

The name of the posta probably referring to the boar as the name aptly describes the manner of defense by the boar when attacked which are vigorous upward thrusts of its tusks into the under belly of an attacking predator or competitive boar.

example applications
Section Play Carta
abrazare 1st play: shoulder grab ==> dente di zengchiar [ 4 B ]
abrazare 2nd play: arm bar ==> dente di zengchiar [ 4 B ]

Copyright © 1999  All Rights Reserved  Academy of European Medieval Martial Arts (AEMMA)
Released: December 2, 1999 / Last modified: December 17, 2008